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Submissionofanarticleimpliesthattheworkdescribedhasnot been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form,inEnglishorinanyotherlanguage,withoutthewrittenconsent of the copyright-holder.


Pleasenotethatifanyofthefigures youusedarecopyrighted,you need to obtain permission from the copyright owners to reproduce thesefiguresinGreenEnergy&Environment.Youalsoneedto documentthecopyrightpermissionintherespectivefigure legend. The same holds true for copyrighted tables you use.

Copyright and Photocopying

Copyright © 2016, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Uponacceptanceofanarticle,authorswillbeaskedtocompletea‘JournalPublishing Agreement’. Acceptanceoftheagreementwill ensurethewidestpossibledisseminationofinformation. Ane-mail willbesenttothecorrespondingauthorconfirmingreceiptofthe manuscripttogetherwitha‘JournalPublishingAgreement’formor a link to the online version of this agreement.Permission of the society is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) mustobtainwrittenpermissionfromthecopyrightownersandcredit the source(s) in the article.

Open Access (currently free to authors and readers)

Thisisanopenaccessjournal:allarticleswillbeimmediatelyand permanentlyfreeforeveryonetoreadanddownload. Toprovideopen access,thisjournalhasanopenaccessfee(alsoknownasanarticle publishingchargeAPC)whichneedstobepaidbytheauthorsoron theirbehalfe.g.bytheirresearchfunderorinstitution.Thejournalis currentlyfreetotheauthorsandreaders.Permittedthirdparty(re)use is definedby the following Creative Commons user licenses.

CreativeCommonsAttribution(CCBY)Letsothersdistributeand copythearticle,createextracts,abstracts,andotherrevisedversions, adaptationsorderivativeworksoforfromanarticle(suchasa translation),includeinacollectivework(suchasananthology),text ordataminethearticle,evenforcommercialpurposes,aslongas theycredittheauthor(s),donotrepresenttheauthorasendorsing theiradaptationofthearticle,anddonotmodifythearticleinsucha way as to damage the author’s honor or reputation.

CreativeCommons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.


The publisher and Editors take reasonable care in the preparation of this publication but do not accept liability for the consequences of any errors or omissions.

Full details on how to submit material for publication in Green Energy & Environment are given in the Guide for Authors(available from The accepted articles can be tracked at